The weaving of flat-woven cotton carpets known as dhurries is cited in Mughal chronicles of the 15th century. Probably one of the earliest forms of floor covering, dhurries were woven in various formats according to their function, which range from bed covers to prayer mats. Most were produced in the northern region of Rajasthan, almost always in the local jails. These were often commissioned for specific areas of the maharaja’s palaces. This monumental piece is highly unusual as it has a pattern characteristic of French Art Deco weavings. It was most probably commissioned for a palace decorated in the Art Deco style, such as the famous one belonging to the Maharaja of Indore.